The Association of Digital Forensics, Security and Law (ADFSL)
The Message Digest 5 (MD5) hash is commonly used as for integrity verification in the forensic imaging process. The ability to force MD5 hash collisions has been a reality for more than a decade, although there is a general consensus that hash collisions are of minimal impact to the practice of computer forensics. This paper describes an experiment to determine the results of imaging two disks that are identical except for one file, the two versions of which have different content but otherwise occupy the same byte positions on the disk, are the same size, and have the same hash value.
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Kessler, Gary C.
"The Impact of MD5 File Hash Collisions On Digital Forensic Imaging,"
Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law: Vol. 11
, Article 9.
Available at: http://commons.erau.edu/jdfsl/vol11/iss4/9