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Abstract

Human trafficking and smuggling are the paradigm of contemporary criminal activity. While these crimes occur throughout many states in the U.S., Florida and the Tampa Bay area specifically are heavily targeted by both foreign and domestic persons. This region is subject to a substantial influx of humans who are transported across borders and within the state. This is caused by the large service industry, coastlines and airports, agriculture and other ports that allow for transportation. These humans may be woman, children and men. Most people who are trafficked are used for two main purposes, slave labor and sex. This paper presents research on human trafficking with the Tampa Bay region and surrounding areas. This review includes laws and policies that have been created within the state in order to prevent and protect citizens of our nation and others from being kidnapped and/or sold as slaves; laws that will cause new enhancements from affected agencies and organizations. Understanding the definition of the word “victim” with human trafficking and human smuggling in mind and who is punished in our legal system for both of these crimes, may be two different things. This review of policies and procedures in the U.S. and the state of Florida will also show who is the criminal and the victim within these cases.

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