Faculty Advisor

Dr. Leila Halawi

Document Type


Submitting Campus

WW Campus for Central & South America

Publication/Presentation Date



The final recommendations of this Capstone Project are to reduce the usage of the aircraft APU, implement noise abatement procedures on departures and landings and use the reverse thrust at idle within São Paulo Congonhas Airport (IATA: CGH, ICAO: SBSP) operations.

The predicted, and conservative outcomes resulting from these recommendations shall impact on reducing noise, carbon emissions and aviation fuel burn, by combining in-flight and on the ground measures.

The noise produced at the airport is estimated to reduce up to 50 dB at a given procedure, which shall improve health, environment and life quality of the population that live and work nearby the airport.

In addition to the positive environmental impact, the initiatives combined shall produce total consolidated returns of near $4 Million U.S. Dollars in a 1-year term in comparison to the status-quo.

Carbon emissions reduction estimated is in the area of 18 million CO² per year and will also support the planned carbon mandatory compensation according to the climate agreement proposed by the United Nations for Aviation Industry, which shall take place by 2020.


Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University


Sao Paulo, Brazil

Additional Information

A Capstone Project Submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Aviation Management Certificate Program.