Abstract Title

How does food insecurity in African countries affect U.S National Policy and Security?

Author Information

Christopher ElwellFollow

Is this project an undergraduate, graduate, or faculty project?

Undergraduate

individual

5-minute Oral Presentation

Authors' Class Standing

Senior

Lead Presenter's Name

Christopher Elwell

Faculty Mentor Name

CHRISTOPHER ELWELL

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to identify the underlying roots and causes of how food insecurity in Saharan countries in Africa, like Somalia and South Sudan, affect the condition of U.S National Security and its interest in relation to food security. Food insecurity is the state of being without reliable access to an enough quantity of affordable and nutritious food, where food security is when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to enough, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life. The goal of this research is to understand the actions needed, both international and domestic, to decrease food insecurity in Africa by improving financial aid or trade and technical capabilities, such as political and social stability from extremism and terrorism. This study explores the ways food insecurity enables conflict and terrorism-related activities by referencing the four pillars of food security, availability, access, utilization and stability, identified by The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This research attempts to answer the questions: how can the U.S can improve public policy to increase food aid through financial and technical assistance and improvement to these countries in Africa such as South Sudan. Also, how African food insecurity is an American interest in the eyes of the Trump Administration and the U.S Government today.

Did this research project receive funding support (Spark or Ignite Grants) from the Office of Undergraduate Research?

No

Share

COinS
 

How does food insecurity in African countries affect U.S National Policy and Security?

The purpose of this research is to identify the underlying roots and causes of how food insecurity in Saharan countries in Africa, like Somalia and South Sudan, affect the condition of U.S National Security and its interest in relation to food security. Food insecurity is the state of being without reliable access to an enough quantity of affordable and nutritious food, where food security is when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to enough, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life. The goal of this research is to understand the actions needed, both international and domestic, to decrease food insecurity in Africa by improving financial aid or trade and technical capabilities, such as political and social stability from extremism and terrorism. This study explores the ways food insecurity enables conflict and terrorism-related activities by referencing the four pillars of food security, availability, access, utilization and stability, identified by The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This research attempts to answer the questions: how can the U.S can improve public policy to increase food aid through financial and technical assistance and improvement to these countries in Africa such as South Sudan. Also, how African food insecurity is an American interest in the eyes of the Trump Administration and the U.S Government today.