The United States has recently acted as a mediator in the signing of the Abraham Accords on September 15, 2020. The accords were signed by both Israel, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain. This mark..
The United States has recently acted as a mediator in the signing of the Abraham Accords on September 15, 2020. The accords were signed by both Israel, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain. This marks the first Persian Gulf state and the third Arab state to normalize relations with Israel. These agreements proclaim that each state recognizes the sovereignty of the other and they pave a path for increased technological, trade, investment, and tourism collaboration. These accords also open a door to further Israeli recognition by other Arab states. However, this is not the first time that Israel has attempted to gain Arab recognition, so what conditions allowed for these accords? Mutual concerns and interests concerning Iran as well as decreased Arab interests regarding Palestine were the key reasons for the mediation’s success. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) ambassadors and Prime Minister Netanyahu had previously met in 2012 to discuss furthered relations, however the UAE refused to publicly recognize them with progress concerning the Israeli- Palestinian Conflict. However, the accords were agreed upon the promise of Israeli suspension of its annexation of the West Bank, implying the lessening of Palestinian importance. This paper will implement the hurting stalemate/ripe moment theory in analyzing the informal mediations (lead by Kuwait and the U.S.) that led to the successful formal mediation of the Abraham Accords in 2020. In order to identify what led to the ripe moment, the independent and dependent variables need to be analyzed and argues that the underlying conditions (economic and security related) of the parties created the ripe moment for the accords.