This article comes in two parts - the article and the notes.
Article abstract: To get hostages released without harm requires a national policy committed to that principle. With that in mind, there needs to be an understanding of the perpetrators' "objective view" of reality. These views have political, economic, psychological, cultural, ethno-religious and perceptual dimensions. Those multivariate dimensions of any hostage situation mandate policies that should be based on law enforcement and military perspectives, in order to be flexible enough to permit their consideration and continuously evaluate their national and international implications.
Part II: Notes and bibliography for Part I.
Both parts of published in IBPP Volume 10, Issue 20 - June 08, 2001.
"Revisiting the United States Hostage Negotiation Policy: An Academic Imperative. Part I,"
International Bulletin of Political Psychology: Vol. 10
, Article 2.
Available at: https://commons.erau.edu/ibpp/vol10/iss20/2
Defense and Security Studies Commons, International and Intercultural Communication Commons, Interpersonal and Small Group Communication Commons, Military, War, and Peace Commons, National Security Law Commons, Other Political Science Commons, Other Psychology Commons, Peace and Conflict Studies Commons, Personality and Social Contexts Commons, Terrorism Studies Commons