This article identifies some significant Issues for the applications of profiling and highlights the example of screening non-immigrant visa applicants. Some of these Issues may be related to conscious and unconscious biases, including those towards race, ethnicity, and culture.
"Profiling to Screen Non-Immigrant Visa Applicants: The Best and the Worst of Applied Social Science?,"
International Bulletin of Political Psychology: Vol. 4
, Article 2.
Available at: https://commons.erau.edu/ibpp/vol4/iss4/2