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Abstract

The reconstruction of crime scene plays an important role in digital forensic application. This article integrates computer graphics, sketch-based retrieval and virtual reality (VR) techniques to develop a low-cost and rapid 3D crime scene presentation approach, which can be used by investigators to analyze and simulate the criminal process. First, we constructed a collection of 3D models for indoor crime scenes using various popular techniques, including laser scanning, image-based modeling and geometric modeling. Second, to quickly obtain an object of interest from the 3D model database, a sketch-based retrieval method was proposed. Finally, a rapid modeling system that integrates our database and retrieval algorithm was developed to quickly build a digital crime scene. For practical use, an interactive real-time virtual roaming application was developed in Unity 3D and a low-cost VR head-mounted display (HMD). Practical cases have been implemented to demonstrate the feasibility and availability of our method.

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