Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University


Violence has long been a crucial mechanism through which emerging political institutions (EPIs) achieve control. The unwilling transition of power has often led to violent action in the past. While violence in times of war is standard and has been discussed at length, there is notably less discussion about the types of violence used by EPIs and their institutional structure when they use different types of violence. The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Hamas, and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood (EMB) present three notably different cases of EPIs whose implementation of violence varies considerably, but whose ambition for state power and similar ideological goals allow for interesting comparisons. From such analysis, it is possible to determine a relationship between the variety and severity of violent action among these three groups and their institutional structure. By analyzing this relationship between violence and structure, I believe it is possible to make accurate short- and long-term predictions about these EPIs and, with some generalization, other cases around the world.



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