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Daytona Beach


Physical Sciences

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We present the chromospheric activity (CA) levels, metallicities and full space motions for 41 F, G, K and M dwarf stars in 36 wide binary systems. Thirty-one of the binaries, contain a white dwarf component. In such binaries the total age can be estimated by adding the cooling age of the white dwarf to an estimate of the progenitor’s main sequence lifetime. To better understand how CA correlates to stellar age, 14 cluster member stars were also observed. Our observations demonstrate for the first time that in general CA decays with age from 50 Myr to at least 8 Gyr for stars with 1.0 ≤ V-I ≤ 2.4. However, little change occurs in CA level for stars with V-I < 1.0 between 1 Gyr and 5 Gyr, consistent with the results of Pace et al. (2009). Our sample also exhibits a negative correlation between stellar age and metallicity, a positive correlation between stellar age and W space velocity component and the W velocity dispersion increases with age. Finally, the population membership of these wide binaries is examined based upon their U, V, W kinematics, metallicity and CA. We conclude that wide binaries are similar to field and cluster stars in these respects. More importantly, they span a much more continuous range in age and metallicity than is afforded by nearby clusters.

Publication Title

The Astrophysical journal



The Institute of Physics

Additional Information

Dr. Oswalt was not affiliated with Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University at the time this paper was published.