Human Factors and Behavioral Neurobiology
For decades, the concept of enjoyment has been used to measure the psychological benefits of activities and has been shown to determine future behavior toward activities and objects of interest. However, there has been little consensus on the definition and dimensionality of enjoyment. This study introduced a new measure of enjoyment with scale development and validation reported. CFA and EFA findings from 1466 participants across 739 different activities were reported. The instrument developed measured enjoyment across activities, with demonstrated content validity, internal consistency, discriminant and convergent validity. The final 25-item version of the ENJOY scale is composed of 5 factors: pleasure, relatedness, competence, challenge/improvement, and engagement. Discussion of the ENJOY Scale places it within the conceptual framework of Self-Determination Theory.
Scholarly Commons Citation
Frederick, C. M., Keebler, J. R., Zhang, T., Chaparro, B., Davidson, S. S., & Szalma, J. (2022). The Development and Validation of a Universal Enjoyment Measure: The Enjoy Scale. Current Psychology, (). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-02967-6