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Physical Sciences

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We present high-precision UBVRI CCD photometry of the old open cluster NGC 188. Our color-magnitude diagram extends from near the red giant branch tip to as faint as ~5 mag below the main-sequence turnoff. From an analysis of these data along with published photometry for M67, we draw the following conclusions: (1) From the UBV two-color diagram, we find a reddening of E(B ̶ V) = 0.04 ± 0.02 for M67 and E(B ̶ V) = 0.09 ± 0.02 for NGC 188. (2) Based on main-sequence fitting to solar abundance isochrones, the distance moduli turn out to be (m - M)v = 9.69 ± 0.11 for M67 and (m - M)v = 11.44 ± 0.08 for NGC 188. (3) The comparison of the CMDs to theoretical isochrones indicates that an amount of core convective overshoot equivalent to 0.10 of a pressure scale height is appropriate for M67, while no overshoot is required to fit the CMD of NGC 188. These isochrones suggest that NGC 188 is 3.0 ± 0.7 Gyr older than M67. (4) There is a clear indication of mass segregation in both M67 and NGC 188, with the most massive stars (M/M > 1.1) being more centrally concentrated than those that are the least massive (0.8 ≥ M/M > 0.65).

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The Astronomical Journal


Institute of Physics Publishing, Inc.