Since its inception, satellite remote sensing has enabled observations of environmental changes at inaccessible locations in meteorology, disaster control, oceanography, agriculture, glaciology, geology etc. Using the information gathered from satellite remote sensing, changes in the physical environment can be measured and the information are utilized to predict future patterns and achieve better environmental outcomes in different areas. This paper serves to highlight some of the areas in which satellite remote sensing has been applied. In meteorology, Earth’s solar radiation intensity, geothermal energy and wind velocity are measured by satellite remote sensing. Satellite imageries are also used for forecasting natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes and estimating damages, including catastrophic events such as the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. In agriculture, it is used to monitor crop growth and identify potential threats. It has allowed global mapping of change in oceanography such as surface area topography, phytoplankton content, currents and winds, playing an important role in establishing habitat linkage between oceanographic processes and fishery resources. It is also commonly utilized in glaciology, where it allows monitoring and mapping of temporal dynamics of glaciers, and in geology, where it aids the study of mineral composition in the ground. Due to its speed and efficiency in information-gathering, the applications of satellite remote sensing are continually increasing and becoming a vital part in environmental resource management process.
International Journal of Modern Communication Technologies & Research
Engineering Research Publication
Scholarly Commons Citation
Olaganathan, R., Bin Ibrahim, M., Meitong, H., Jie Shawn, T., Wei Sheng, W., & et al. (2014). Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing in the Environment. International Journal of Modern Communication Technologies & Research, 2(5). Retrieved from https://commons.erau.edu/publication/831