Submitting Campus

Daytona Beach

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Graduate Student Works

Advisor Name

Andrew Dattel, Ph.D.


Extroverts and introverts have unique approaches to new materials that make learning more efficient. In aviation where quick learning and responses are required, students may struggle because preferred comprehension strategies are not utilized. The research question is whether introverts/extroverts learn better when given the option to approach materials using strategies that match their personality type. 16 participants are placed into one of two different groups (either extrovert/introvert). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire – Revised (EPQ-R) determines personality trait. Participants are then subdivided into one of four random groups. All participants are given instructions on how to complete two different flight maneuvers (DME Arc and Direct entry to a hold). A two-way mixed design has participants experience both maneuvers with a different treatment for each. Despite which medium is being presented, all instructions are the same. The independent variable is introversion/extroversion personality trait and type of instruction. The dependent variable is flight performance measured by altitude, bank angle and course. The hypothesis is that participant performance will be increased when the presentation is associated to specific personality type, such as extroverts performing better when receiving oral instructions. The results show a pattern of introverts being more proficient at reading-based instructions. Extroverts do well with all instruction methods and showed higher proficiency with ‘Hold’ maneuvers. The research re-enforces learning method as a tool for reaching all students.

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Daytona Beach, FL