Submitting Campus

Daytona Beach

Student Status



Study Abroad

Advisor Name

Dr. Nickolas Macchiarella


Small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS), also known as drones, offer new capabilities for cultural heritage preservation activities. Student researchers from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University have applied photogrammetric techniques based upon sUAS captured imagery to assist with historical site documentation and cultural heritage preservation in the Republic of Kosovo. Imagery from three locations -- Isniq, Dranoc and Junik -- highlight this work. Student researchers created georectified orthomosaics and 3D virtual objects. At each of these three locations the object of interest was a type of building known as a kulla. These kullas are fortified homes built for protecting large families and are unique to the region of Southeast Europe that was a former territory of the Ottoman Empire. A five-step process was followed during sUAS photogrammetric flights. These five steps are planning, preparing, conducting, analyzing and interpreting. Student researchers used two DJI Phantom 4 Pro V2s in order to conduct flights and gather images that were subsequently processed using Pix4Dmapper Pro to create virtual environments and high resolution georectified images. The efforts of this work can be used by non-governmental and governmental organizations for cultural heritage preservation purposes.

Document Type


Publication/Presentation Date