Dr. Somi Shin
Introduction to Research Methods
Singapore's juvenile recidivism rate has climbed by around 5% since 2013, putting the country at risk of increased youth crime. With several mandatory rehabilitative programmes classified into two categories, Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) and Institutional-Based Rehabilitation (IBR), it is unclear whether the mandatory individual rehabilitative programmes for offenders were actually effective in achieving their corrective goals. This proposal would undertake a regression analysis to compare the effectiveness of CBR and IBR programmes utilizing secondary data gathered by the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) and primary data from a survey. The survey will provide previously unstudied insights into the offender's profile, conviction, rehabilitation path, recidivism, and attitudes toward the programmes' effectiveness for a sample of approximately 7,150 Singaporean juveniles who have participated in or are currently participating in MSF's mandatory rehabilitative programmes. The regression analysis will be run to determine which class of programme is more important between IBR and CBR, as well as which specific programmes within those two classes are more effective at reducing reoffending juveniles. Understanding the effectiveness of these programmes may result in additional improvements or the abolition of inefficient mandated rehabilitative programmes that are expensive to implement. Finally, rehabilitation programmes in Singapore should be strengthened in order to preserve and nurture our younger generations, who are crucial to the country's future growth and development.