Date of Award

Spring 2012

Access Type

Thesis - ERAU Login Required

Degree Name

Master of Science in Human Factors & Systems


Human Factors and Systems

Committee Chair

Albert J. Boquet, Ph.D.

First Committee Member

Shawn Doherty, Ph.D.

Second Committee Member

Nickolas Macchiarella, Ph.D.


The power of an individual's presence to influence another's behavior is apparent in many aspects of human interaction. Performance competitions, team working environments, as well as instructor-student relationships, to name a few, have demonstrated the potential to produce social facilitation and interference effects on the participating individuals behavior and performance (Hazel, 1978). These exact effects could support or hinder learning and affect training outcomes in a training environment. The goal of the present study was to examine the effects of the presence of an instructor (audience) on task performance and test anxiety levels of an individual during the early stages of flight simulation training. While trends indicated that a stronger performance was achieved by test participants in the no audience, low test anxiety and simple task groups, results revealed that only task complexity had a direct relationship with errors and time, causing test participants to commit more mistakes and require more time as complexity increased.