Date of Award
Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering
Dr. Mark Ricklick
First Committee Member
Dr. Sandra Boetcher
Second Committee Member
Dr. Magdy Attia
Numerical investigation on thermodynamic characteristics of pure supercritical carbon dioxide (𝑆𝐶𝑂2) and mixtures of Helium and 𝑆𝐶𝑂2 in horizontal straight tubes with diameter of 6mm under cooling and heating conditions is carried out by using SST 𝑘 − 𝜔 turbulence model. The computations are conducted at operating pressure of 8MPa with various operating conditions. Simulations are conducted by using the latest poly-hexcore mesh method in ANSYS FLUENT 19.2 and tetrahedral mesh method in CFX 19.2, results and solving time are compared. The effect of heat flux, mass flux, inlet temperature and buoyancy on heat transfer performance are studied, pressure drop and friction factor are analyzed and validated against previous correlations, the sensitivity of six different reference temperature settings in heat transfer coefficient calculation and five different lengths of adiabatic section after outlet are compared.
The results indicate that heat transfer coefficient increases with decreasing heat flux and increasing mass flux, wall temperature on the bottom surface decreases much faster than that on the top surface. Variations in heat transfer coefficient is about 10% between different reference temperature settings. Three buoyancy criteria is applied and compared in numerical results, which is not accurate enough to predict the onset of the buoyancy effect. There is no peak exist in heat transfer coefficient curve for Helium and 𝑆𝐶𝑂2 mixture, heat transfer coefficient increases with the increasing of Helium mass fraction. It is recommended to further investigate the influence in different reference temperature settings under various operating conditions and to improve the accuracy of current buoyancy effect criteria. It is recommended to further investigate the influence in different reference temperature settings under various operating conditions and to improve the accuracy of current buoyancy effect criteria.
Scholarly Commons Citation
Chao, Yang, "Analysis of Local Convection Heat Transfer Rates of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in Tubes" (2020). Dissertations and Theses. 516.