Date of Award


Access Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Aerospace Engineering


Aerospace Engineering

Committee Chair

Dr. Hever Moncayo

First Committee Member

Dr. Richard Prazenica

Second Committee Member

Dr. Morad Nazari

Third Committee Member

Dr. Eric Coyle


The rise in the use of Multi-Agent Systems (MASs) in unpredictable and changing environments has created the need for intelligent algorithms to increase their autonomy, safety and performance in the event of disturbances and threats. MASs are attractive for their flexibility, which also makes them prone to threats that may result from hardware failures (actuators, sensors, onboard computer, power source) and operational abnormal conditions (weather, GPS denied location, cyber-attacks). This dissertation presents research on a bio-inspired approach for resilience augmentation in MASs in the presence of disturbances and threats such as communication link and stealthy zero-dynamics attacks. An adaptive bio-inspired architecture is developed for distributed consensus algorithms to increase fault-tolerance in a network of multiple high-order nonlinear systems under directed fixed topologies. In similarity with the natural organisms’ ability to recognize and remember specific pathogens to generate its immunity, the immunity-based architecture consists of a Distributed Model-Reference Adaptive Control (DMRAC) with an Artificial Immune System (AIS) adaptation law integrated within a consensus protocol. Feedback linearization is used to modify the high-order nonlinear model into four decoupled linear subsystems. A stability proof of the adaptation law is conducted using Lyapunov methods and Jordan decomposition. The DMRAC is proven to be stable in the presence of external time-varying bounded disturbances and the tracking error trajectories are shown to be bounded. The effectiveness of the proposed architecture is examined through numerical simulations. The proposed controller successfully ensures that consensus is achieved among all agents while the adaptive law v simultaneously rejects the disturbances in the agent and its neighbors. The architecture also includes a health management system to detect faulty agents within the global network. Further numerical simulations successfully test and show that the Global Health Monitoring (GHM) does effectively detect faults within the network.