Date of Award
Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture is a crucial approach to reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to directly combat climate change. Major components of the technology to desublimate CO2 at cryogenic temperatures are mature and have the potential to be applied to build large Arctic/Antarctic direct-air CO2 capture plants. Pressure swing adsorption another gas separation technique used in industry today that can be modified for atmospheric carbon capture. The discussion of energy consumption for cryogenic and combined direct air capture systems is explored in this study. The investigation of precompression of atmospheric air for a direct-air capture CO2 system using an attached “waste-cool” precooler is examined. In this novel approach, a thermodynamic model based on psychrometric theories is evaluated to determine the required work input of the system at various inlet compression ratios and various inlet temperatures. Turbine recovery is also considered for the potential to capture “waste energy.” A pressure swing adsorption unit is evaluated as another modification to the cryogenic system to minimize energy consumption.
Scholarly Commons Citation
Perskin, Jennifer, "Atmospheric Carbon Capture: A Review on Current Technologies and Analysis of Energy Consumption for Various Direct Air Capture (DAC) Systems" (2023). Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses. 728.