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The author is a scholar at National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad, Pakistan. He possesses an M.Phil. in International Relations and master’s degrees in International Relations, Political Science, English (Linguistics and Literature), and History. He recently published “An analysis of North Korean cyber warfare capabilities and impact on USFK and USINDOPACOM,” Journal of Cyber Security Technology 3, no. 4 (2019). 219-248.; “Shock and Awe – Rapid Dominance: Foundations and Its Possible Execution Against North Korea,” Asian Profile 47, no. 3 (September 2019). 261-282.; “A Comparative Study of Blitzkrieg and Cold Start Doctrine: Lessons and Countermeasures for Pakistan,” IPRI Journal XVIII, no. 1 (Winter 2018). 1-31.; and, “Exceptionalism in US Foreign Policy: A Case Study of ISIS,” IPRI Journal XIX, no. 1 (Winter 2019). 128-146. He also writes for The Nation, Daily Times, Pakistan Observer and Pakistan Today. He can be contacted at


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