Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University


Research has shown cultural dimensions can provide insight into effective management within diverse work and school environments. (Sandal & Manzey, 2009). In this study, researchers distributed a research questionnaire based on Hofstede’s original four cultural dimensions: power distance, masculinity vs femininity, uncertainty avoidance and individualism vs collectivism. Participants were recruited from two collegiate aviation programs, one in China and the other in the United States.

Independent t-tests were used to compare mean cultural dimensions scores for the groups. Study findings suggested significant differences between the two groups for the cultural dimensions: power distance, masculinity vs femininity and individualism vs collectivism. No significant difference was found for the dimension of uncertainty avoidance. Additionally, two open-ended questions were used to further investigate perceptions within the cultural dimensions of uncertainty avoidance and masculinity vs femininity. Similar and contrasting themes were discussed.