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Abstract

The work in this paper aims to increase the maximum lift coefficient of the airfoil by implementing the co-flow jet concept on NACA 0018 airfoil and also to investigate the performance of co-flow jet (CFJ) airfoil. To conduct numerical solution, RANS equations have been solved for 2D incompressible and unsteady flow using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. The suction surface of the airfoil is modified by placing the injection slot near the leading edge and the suction slot near the trailing edge. A small mass of air is withdrawn into the airfoil suction slot, pressurized by a pumping system located inside the airfoil, and re-injecting into the injection slot tangentially to the main stream flow. The CFJ airfoil is enhancing the aerodynamic lift coefficient significantly compare to the baseline airfoil. And also, the numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the location of injection and suction slot. And it is observed that the aerodynamic lift coefficient of CFJ airfoil is increasing with varying the injection slot away from the leading edge.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.15394/ijaaa.2021.1555

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