For many decades, the problems of the post-criminal impact onto the witnesses, complainants, other participants of the criminal procedures in Russian Federation has no solution. Criminal procedural Codes of 1922, 1923, 1960 did not mentioned them. Gradually, these problems have gained a widespread importance and interpretation. The fear of reprisal from the criminals, their close neighbourhood, the possibility to reprise led to the witnesses’ and the complainants’ refusal to testify or to changing the testimonies. All that negatively influenced substantiating the circumstances of the criminal cases. The absence of the safety measures in the legislation of the USSR and Russia did not add to strengthening of the legitimacy.


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