Due to the scarcity of transplantable organs, patients have to wait on long lists for many years to get a matching kidney. This scarcity has created an illicit market place for wealthy recipients to avoid long waiting times. Brokers arrange such organ transplants and collect most of the payment that is sometimes channeled to fund other illicit activities. In order to collect and disburse payments, they often resort to money laundering-like schemes of money transfers. As the low-cost Internet arrives in some of the affected countries, social media and the dark web are used to illegally trade human organs. This paper presents a model to assess the risk of human organ trafficking in specific areas and shows methods and tools to discover digital traces of organ trafficking using publicly available tools.
Heinl, Michael P.; Yu, Bo; and Wijesekera, Duminda
"A Framework to Reveal Clandestine Organ Trafficking in the Dark Web and Beyond,"
Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law: Vol. 14
, Article 2.
Available at: https://commons.erau.edu/jdfsl/vol14/iss1/2