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Date of Award

Spring 1995

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering

Department

Aerospace Engineering

Committee Chair

Dr. Eric v. K. Hill

Committee Member

Dr. Frank Radosta

Committee Member

Dr. Sathya Gangadharan

Abstract

Acoustic emission nondestructive testing has been used for real-time monitoring of complex structures. All of the structures were made of materials at least 0.070 inch thick. The purpose of this research was to demonstrate the feasibility of using neural networks to classify acoustic emission signals gathered from a pressure vessel made of 2024-T3 aluminum 0.040 inches thick, i.e. thin aluminum sheet. AE waveforms were recorded during fatigue cycling of one pressure vessel using a wide band transducer and a digital oscilloscope connected to a computer. The source for each signal was determined using two narrow band transducers and a LOCAN-AT data acquisition system. The power spectrum was calculated for each waveform. A Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM) was used to cluster the spectra. The network clustered the data on a two-dimensional feature space according to the source of the signal. A total of 3,600 power spectra were used to train the neural network, and 1,800 were used to test the network. Initially there was overlap between the clusters on the two-dimensional feature space; however, this was found to be due to human error. The SOM itself correctly classified all of the signals.

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