Department of Security Studies and International Affairs
In the early twentieth century, two famous American international lawyers had a China connection that was either unknown or has long since been forgotten by scholars. One of those lawyers was John Bassett Moore, adviser to the Chinese legation in the United States as well as to the Chinese delegates to the Paris Peace Conference and the League of Nations. In 1921, Robert Lansing succeeded Moore as counselor to China's Washington legation, and he also proffered his own ideas to the Chinese delegation at the Washington Disarmament Conference. Moore's and Lansing's advice to the Chinese reveals not only their profound disagreements with the foreign policy of Woodrow Wilson, but also the limitations of their approaches in the trying to help China win back the Shandong (Shantung) region -- a hotly contested area that had been leased to Germany under duress in 1898 and then occupied by Japan in 1914.
Pacific Historical Review
University of California Press
Scholarly Commons Citation
Craft, S. (1997). John Bassett Moore, Robert Lansing, and the Shandong Question. Pacific Historical Review, LXVI(2). Retrieved from http://commons.erau.edu/publication/407