Faculty Advisor

Dr. Leila Halawi

Document Type


Submitting Campus

WW Campus for Central & South America

Publication/Presentation Date



The objective of this study is to propose a review of the operational restrictions imposed on Congonhas airport by IAC 121-1013, seeking a balance between flight safety and operational efficiency.

The researchers calculated the landing performance (using specific software), taking into account particular aircraft system failures that increase landing distance. The results indicated that the measures imposed by the IAC have little or no effect on the operational safety increase. Additionally, the restrictions created operational complexity for the airport and reduced its efficiency by impacting airline costs. At the end of the study, the researchers suggest a reissue of the IAC based on the data presented.


Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University


Sao Paulo, Brazil

Additional Information

A Capstone Project Submitted to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Aviation Management Certificate Program.