Submitting Campus

Daytona Beach

Department

Physical Sciences

Document Type

Article

Publication/Presentation Date

1-28-2011

Abstract/Description

A method is developed for estimating F region ion composition from incoherent scatter radar (ISR) measurements during times of frictional ion heating. The technique addresses ion temperature‐mass ambiguities in the IS spectra by self‐consistently modeling ion temperature profiles, including the effects of ion temperature anisotropies and altitude‐independent neutral winds. The modeled temperature profiles are used in a minimization procedure to estimate ion composition consistent with the recorded IS spectra. The proposed method is applicable to short‐integration (min) data sets from either single‐beam or multiple‐beam experiments. Application of the technique to Sondrestrom ISR measurements shows increases in F region molecular ions in response to frictional heating, a result consistent with previous theoretical and observational work. Estimates of ion composition are shown to be relatively insensitive to moderate variations in the neutral atmospheric model, which serves as input to the method. The technique developed in this work is uniquely qualified for studying highly variable ion composition near auroral arcs and associated processes such as molecular ion upflows. It also addresses a systematic source of error in standard ISR analysis methods when they are applied in such situations.

Publication Title

Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JA016035

Publisher

American Geophysical Union

Additional Information

Zettergren, M., J. Semeter, C. Heinselman, and M. Diaz (2011), Incoherent scatter radar estimation of F region ionospheric composition during frictional heating events, J. Geophys. Res.,116, A01318.

Required Publisher’s Statement

An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright (2011) American Geophysical Union

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