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The valuable nutritional and biochemical properties have made fisheries products one of the most vital high-quality protein sources for human consumption. Aquaculture has become the great alternative to substitute wild catches when the yield from fishing are no longer sufficient to sustain the massive food demand of the human population which is constantly burgeoning. However, aquaculture requires multidisciplinary approaches with holistic and environmental-friendly management measures to ensure its long term success and sustainability. Biotechnological applications have enhanced the effectiveness and cost-efficiencies of aquaculture by augmenting the productivity of aquaculture to meet global needs. Despite the benefits, the biotechnological application in aquaculture also brings several anthropogenic implications to human health, ecology, and environment. This paper discusses the major improvements in aquaculture industry upon advancement of biotechnology such as genetic hybrid stock, algae-infused commercial formulated feed, disease and health control via vaccinations, and water quality management. Meanwhile, this paper also addresses some sustainability constraints and controversial issues such as antibacterial resistance, gene modified (GM) escapees, and GM food that impede the success of biotechnology practices. Stringent environmental policies and awareness program are recommended in order to better control and also advocate biotechnology application in the industry.

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International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research


BioIT International Journals