Submitting Campus

Prescott

Department

Global Security & Intelligence Studies

Document Type

Article

Publication/Presentation Date

6-2019

Abstract/Description

The Cold War in Latin America had marked consequences for the region’s political and economic evolution. From the origins of US fears of Latin American Communism in the early 20th century to the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, regional actors played central roles in the drama. Seeking to maximize economic benefit while maintaining independence with regard to foreign policy, Latin Americans employed an eclectic combination of liberal and anti-imperialist discourses, balancing frequent calls for anti-Communist hemispheric unity with periodic diplomatic entreaties to the Soviet bloc and the nonaligned Third World. Meanwhile, US Cold War policies toward the region ranged from progressive developmentalism to outright military invasions, and from psychological warfare to covert paramilitary action. Above all, the United States sought to shore up its allies and maintain the Western Hemisphere as a united front against extra-hemispheric ideologies and influence. The Cold War was a bloody, violent period for Latin America, but it was also one marked by heady idealism, courageous political action, and fresh narratives about Latin America’s role in the world, all of which continue to inform regional politics to this day.

Entry DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780199366439.013.642.

Publication Title

Oxford Research Encyclopedia, Latin American History

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Required Publisher’s Statement

Original publication statement: PRINTED FROM the OXFORD RESEARCH ENCYCLOPEDIA, LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY (oxfordre.com/latinamericanhistory). (c) Oxford University Press USA, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). Oxford University Press allows for authors to self-archive works in institutional repositories after 24 months for academic titles. See OUP's Author Reuse and Self-Archiving webpage for details: https://global.oup.com/academic/rights/permissions/autperm/?cc=gb&lang=en.

Available for download on Tuesday, June 01, 2021

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