Submitting Campus

Daytona Beach


Computer, Electrical & Software Engineering

Document Type


Publication/Presentation Date



The Internet of Things (IoT) provides applications and services that would otherwise not be possible. However, the open nature of IoT makes it vulnerable to cybersecurity threats. Especially, identity spoofing attacks, where an adversary passively listens to the existing radio communications and then mimic the identity of legitimate devices to conduct malicious activities. Existing solutions employ cryptographic signatures to verify the trustworthiness of received information. In prevalent IoT, secret keys for cryptography can potentially be disclosed and disable the verification mechanism. Noncryptographic device verification is needed to ensure trustworthy IoT. In this article, we propose an enhanced deep learning framework for IoT device identification using physical-layer signals. Specifically, we enable our framework to report unseen IoT devices and introduce the zero-bias layer to deep neural networks to increase robustness and interpretability. We have evaluated the effectiveness of the proposed framework using real data from automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B), an application of IoT in aviation. The proposed framework has the potential to be applied to the accurate identification of IoT devices in a variety of IoT applications and services.

Publication Title

IEEE Internet of Things Journal



Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers