Patients with end-stage congestive heart failure awaiting heart transplantation often wait long periods of time (300 days or more on the average) before a suitable donor heart becomes available. The medical community has placed increased emphasis on the use of Left Ventricular Assist Devices or LVADs that can substitute for, or enhance, the function of the natural heart while the patient is waiting for the heart transplant (Poirier, 1997; Frazier & Myers, 1999). Essentially, a rotary LVAD is a pump that operates continuously directing blood from the left ventricle into the aorta by avoiding the aortic valve. Generally speaking, the goal of the LVAD is to assist the native heart in pumping blood through the circulatory system so as to provide the patient with as close to a normal lifestyle as possible until a donor heart becomes available or, in some cases, until the patient’s heart recovers. In many situations, this means allowing the patient to return home and/or to the workforce.
New Aspects of Ventricular Assist Devices
Scholarly Commons Citation
Simaan, M. A., Divo, E., Faragallah, G., & Wang, Y. (2011). Left Ventricular Assist Devices: Engineering Design Considerations. New Aspects of Ventricular Assist Devices, (). https://doi.org/10.5772/24485