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Daytona Beach


Mechanical Engineering

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Musculoskeletal computational models provide a non-invasive approach to investigate human movement biomechanics. These models could be particularly useful for pediatric applications where in vivo and in vitro biomechanical parameters are difficult or impossible to examine using physical experiments alone. The objective was to develop a novel musculoskeletal subject-specific infant model to investigate hip joint biomechanics during cyclic leg movements. Experimental motion-capture marker data of a supine-lying 2-month-old infant were placed on a generic GAIT 2392 OpenSim model. After scaling the model using body segment anthropometric measurements and joint center locations, inverse kinematics and dynamics were used to estimate hip ranges of motion and moments. For the left hip, a maximum moment of 0.975 Nm and a minimum joint moment of 0.031 Nm were estimated at 34.6° and 65.5° of flexion, respectively. For the right hip, a maximum moment of 0.906 Nm and a minimum joint moment of 0.265 Nm were estimated at 23.4° and 66.5° of flexion, respectively. Results showed agreement with reported values from the literature. Further model refinements and validations are needed to develop and establish a normative infant dataset, which will be particularly important when investigating the movement of infants with pathologies such as developmental dysplasia of the hip. This research represents the first step in the longitudinal development of a model that will critically contribute to our understanding of infant growth and development during the first year of life.

Publication Title

Mathematical and Computational Applications



Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute