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Daytona Beach


Physical Sciences

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Vertical energy transports due to dissipating gravity waves in the mesopause region (85–100 km) are analyzed using over 400 h of observational data obtained from a narrow-band sodium wind-temperature lidar located at Andes Lidar Observatory (ALO), Cerro Pachón (30.25°S, 70.73°W), Chile. Sensible heat flux is directly estimated using measured temperature and vertical wind; energy flux is estimated from the vertical wavenumber and frequency spectra of temperature perturbations; and enthalpy flux is derived based on its relationship with sensible heat and energy fluxes. Sensible heat flux is mostly downward throughout the region. Enthalpy flux exhibits an annual oscillation with maximum downward transport in July above 90 km. The dominant feature of energy flux is the exponential decrease from 10-2 to 10-4W m-2 with the altitude increases from 85 to 100 km and is larger during austral winter. The annual mean thermal diffusivity inferred from enthalpy flux decreases from 303m2 s-1 at 85 km to minimum 221m2 s-1 at 90 km then increases to 350m2 s-1 at 99 km. Results also show that shorter period gravity waves tend to dissipate at higher altitudes and generate more heat transport. The averaged vertical group velocities for high, medium, and low frequency waves are 4.15 m s-1, 1.15 m s-1, and 0.70 m s-1, respectively. Gravity wave heat transport brings significant cooling in the mesopause region at an average cooling rate of 6.7 ± 1.1 K per day

Publication Title

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres



Advancing Earth and Space Science

Grant or Award Name

NSF grants AGS-1115249 and AGS1759471, NSF grants AGS-1136278, AGS1734553, AGS-1759471, and AGS1759573, NSF Major Research Instrument grant AGS-1229085