We present results from the ionospheric heating experiment conducted at the HighFrequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility, Alaska, on 12 March 2013. During theexperiment, HAARP transmitted in the direction of the magnetic zenith X-mode 4.57-MHz wave. Thetransmitted power was modulated with the frequency of 0.9 mHz, and it was pointed on a 20-km spot at thealtitude of 120 km. The heating (1) generates disturbances in the magnetic field detected with the fluxgatemagnetometer on the ground and (2) produces bright luminous spots in the ionosphere, observed with theHAARP telescope. Numerical simulations of the 3-D reduced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model revealthat these effects can be related to the magnetic field-aligned currents, excited in the ionosphere bychanging the conductivity in theEregion when the large-scale electric field exists in the heating region.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
American Geophysical Union
Scholarly Commons Citation
Tulegenov, B., Streltsov, A. V., Kendall, E., McCarrick, M. J., & Galkin, I. A. (2019). Artificial aurora produced by HAARP. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 3255–3265. https://doi.org/10. 1029/2019JA026607