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Daytona Beach


Physical Sciences

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We conducted an analysis of the process of GW breaking from an energy perspective using the output from a high-resolution compressible atmospheric model. The investigation focused on the energy conversion and transfer that occur during the GW breaking. The total change in kinetic energy and the amount of energy converted to internal energy and potential energy within a selected region were calculated. Prior to GW breaking, part of the potential energy is converted into kinetic energy, most of which is transported out of the chosen region. After the GW breaks and turbulence develops, part of the potential energy is converted into kinetic energy, most of which is converted into internal energy. The calculations for the transfer of kinetic energy among GWs, turbulence, and the BG in a selected region, as well as the contributions from various interactions (BG-GW, BG-turbulence, and GW-turbulence), are performed. At the point where the GW breaks, turbulence is generated. As the GW breaking process proceeds, the GWs lose energy to the background. At the start of the GW breaking, turbulence receives energy through interactions between GWs and turbulence, and between the BG and turbulence. Once the turbulence has accumulated enough energy, it begins to absorb energy from the background while losing energy to the GWs. The probabilities of instability are calculated during various stages of the GW-breaking process. The simulation suggests that the propagation of GWs results in instabilities, which are responsible for the GW breaking. As turbulence grows, it reduces convective instability.

Publication Title

JGR Atmospheres