Applied Aviation Sciences
Abrasion of mechanical components and fabrics by soil on Earth is typically minimized by the effects of atmosphere and water. Potentially abrasive particles lose sharp and pointed geometrical features through erosion. In environments where such erosion does not exist, such as the vacuum of the Moon, particles retain sharp geometries associated with fracturing of their parent particles by micrometeorite impacts. The relationship between hardness of the abrasive and that of the material being abraded is well understood, such that the abrasive ability of a material can be estimated as a function of the ratio of the hardness of the two interacting materials. Knowing the abrasive nature of an environment (abrasive)/construction material is crucial to designing durable equipment for use in such surroundings.
NASA Tech Briefs
Scholarly Commons Citation
Street, K. W., Kobrick, R. L., & Klaus, D. M. (2013). Validation of Proposed Metrics for Two-Body Abrasion Scratch Test Analysis Standards: In Principle, Any Scratch Can Be Analyzed by This Method. NASA Tech Briefs, 37(2). Retrieved from https://commons.erau.edu/publication/533