The magnetosheath contains an array of waves, instabilities, and nonlinear magnetic structures which modify global plasma properties by means of various wave-particle interactions. The present work demonstrates that ion-scale magnetic field structures (∼0.2–0.5 Hz) observed in the dayside magnetosheath are statistically correlated to ion temperature changes on orders 10–20% of the background value. In addition, our statistical analysis implies that larger temperature changes are in equipartition to larger amplitude magnetic structures. This effect was more pronounced behind the quasi-parallel bow shock and during faster solar wind speeds. The study of two separate intervals suggests that this effect can result from both local and external drivers. This manuscript presents two separate case studies, one from using THEMIS (Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) data and another from Magnetospheric Multiscale; these measurements are then supported by extensive THEMIS statistical observations. These results could partly explain the 10–20% dawn-favored asymmetry of the magnetosheath ion temperature seed population and contribute to the dawn-favored asymmetry of cold component ions in the cold dense plasma sheet.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
American Geophysical Union
Grant or Award Name
Academy of Finland grants 267073/2013, 297688/2015, 288472, NASA grant NNX16AF89G, NSF grant 1502774
Scholarly Commons Citation
Dimmock, A. P., A. Osmane, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri, and E. Kilpua (2017), Temperature variations in the dayside magnetosheath and their dependence on ion-scale magnetic structures: THEMIS statistics and measurements by MMS, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 6165–6184, doi:10.1002/2016JA023729