Physics and Astronomy
The source of the gravitational-wave (GW) signal GW170817, very likely a binary neutron star merger, was also observed electromagnetically, providing the first multi-messenger observations of this type. The two-week-long electromagnetic (EM) counterpart had a signature indicative of an r-process-induced optical transient known as a kilonova. This Letter examines how the mass of the dynamical ejecta can be estimated without a direct electromagnetic observation of the kilonova, using GW measurements and a phenomenological model calibrated to numerical simulations of mergers with dynamical ejecta. Specifically, we apply the model to the binary masses inferred from the GW measurements, and use the resulting mass of the dynamical ejecta to estimate its contribution (without the effects of wind ejecta) to the corresponding kilonova light curves from various models. The distributions of dynamical ejecta mass range between ... (see paper for remainder of information).
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
American Astronomical Society
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Abbott, B. P., AultONeal, K., Gaudio, S., Gill, K., Gretarsson, E. M., Hughey, B., Muratore, M., Pratt, J. W., Schwalbe, S. G., Staats, K., Szczepańczyk, M. J., Zanolin, M., & al., e. (2017). Estimating the Contribution of Dynamical Ejecta in the Kilonova Associated With GW170817. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 850(2). https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa9478