Physics and Astronomy
We describe the observation of GW170104, a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of a pair of stellar-mass black holes. The signal was measured on January 4, 2017 at 10∶11:58.6 UTC by the twin advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory during their second observing run, with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a false alarm rate less than 1 in 70 000 years. The inferred component black hole masses are 31.2 þ8.4 −6.0M⊙ and 19.4 þ5.3 −5.9M⊙ (at the 90% credible level). The black hole spins are best constrained through measurement of the effective inspiral spin parameter, a mass-weighted combination of the spin components perpendicular to the orbital plane, χeff ¼ −0.12 þ0.21 −0.30. This result implies that spin configurations with both component spins positively aligned with the orbital angular momentum are disfavored. The source luminosity distance is 880 þ450 −390 Mpc corresponding to a redshift of z ¼ 0.18 þ0.08 −0.07 .We constrain the magnitude of modifications to the gravitational-wave dispersion relation and perform null tests of general relativity. Assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum like massive particles, we bound the graviton mass to mg ≤ 7.7 × 10−23 eV=c2. In all cases, we find that GW170104 is consistent with general relativity.
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
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Abbott, B. P., AultONeal, K., Gaudio, S., Gill, K., Hughey, B., Pratt, J. W., Schmidt, E., Schwalbe, G., Szczepańczyk, M. J., Zanolin, M., & al., e. (2017). GW170104: Observation of a 50-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence at Redshift 0.2. Physical Review Letters, 118(22). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221101