We present chromospheric activity index SHK measurements for over 13,000 F, G, and K disk stars with high signal-to-noise ratio (>60) spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7 (DR7) spectroscopic sample. A parameter δS is defined as the difference between SHK and a “zero” emission line fitted by several of the most inactive stars. The SHK indices of subgiant stars tend to be much lower than dwarfs, which provide a way to distinguish dwarfs and giants with relatively low-resolution spectra. Cooler stars are generally more active and display a larger scatter than hotter stars. Stars associated with the thick disk are in general less active than those of the thin disk. The fraction of K dwarfs that are active drops with vertical distance from the Galactic plane. Metallicity affects SHK measurements differently among F, G, and K dwarfs in this sample. Using the open clusters NGC 2420, M67, and NGC 6791 as calibrations, ages of most field stars in this SDSS sample range from 3 to 8 Gyr.
The Astronomical Journal
Scholarly Commons Citation
Zhao, J. K., Oswalt, T. D., Zhao, G., Lu, Q. H., Luo, A., & Zhang, L. Y. (2013). Tracers of Chromospheric Structure. I. Ca Ii H&K Emission Distribution of 13,000 F, G, and K Stars in SDSS DR7 Spectroscopic Sample. The Astronomical Journal, 145(5). https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/145/5/140