Submitting Campus


Student Status



Graduate Student Works

Advisor Name

Brent Bowen


In January 2020, under the NextGen initiative put in place by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), all aircraft flying in controlled airspace, both general aviation and commercial operations, will be required to have an Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS–B) system installed and operational. However, this is not required for Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 135 operations taking place outside of controlled airspace. Part 135 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) refers to aircraft operating as on-demand or air taxi services. A substantial amount of these operator’s bases, as well as flights, are conducted outside of controlled airspace.

It is the intention of this research to lay a foundation for policy change regarding the legalities of the instillation and required use of tracking devices for 135 operations taking place outside of controlled airspace. Through a mixed methods approach, data will be gathered to suggest regulatory change will aid in improved safety, less lives lost, financial benefits of expedited search and rescue operations, and psychological aspects of both families, and rescue workers.

April Larsen is a graduate student in the College of Aviation, Safety Science Department at the Prescott campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Document Type

Presentation without Video

Publication/Presentation Date



Yuma, AZ