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Mathematics, Science and Technology

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication/Presentation Date



What constitutes research can vary across fields. Even within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, the definition of research is flexible. For example, although science research and engineering research use similar methods and both produce valuable insights into the nature of our physical world, they have notably different focuses, with sciences aimed at expanding the outer edges of our knowledge and engineering fixed on systematic structuring of knowledge for application (National Academy of Engineering, 1995). Regardless of the STEM discipline, undergraduate research is a mentored experience in which students engage in original work, disseminating their outcomes to a larger audience through presentations or publications.

Publication Title

Undergraduate Research in Online, Virtual, and Hybrid Courses


American Association of Colleges and Universities