Using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions During Substorms observations, we show that the efficiency of the energy entry through the magnetopause as measured by the Poynting vector normal component depends on the combination of the solar wind speed and the southward component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF): Most efficient energy transfer occurs when the IMF BZ is only moderately negative, and the solar wind speed is high. This means that for the same level of solar wind driver parameters (electric field, epsilon, or other), different combinations of V and BZ will produce different driving at the magnetopause. The effect is strongest for low to moderate driving conditions, while the influence is smaller for the intense space weather events.
Geophysical Research Letters
American Geophysical Union
Grant or Award Name
Academy of Finland grant 267073/2013
Scholarly Commons Citation
Pulkkinen, T. I., A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, and K. Nykyri (2015), Solar wind energy input to the magnetosheath and at the magnetopause, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 4723–4730, doi:10.1002/2015GL064226